Orthodox spirituality begins with the presupposition that humanity was created to be in communion with God and that this state is not just something achieved after death, but also something one can attain in this life. Although, Orthodoxy recognizes that this is not easy. ‘“Pray unceasingly”’ explains that the goal of the spiritual life is to move closer to God in communion and strive to do his will in all things. This occurs when the Christian comes to possess three virtues: love, self-mastery, and prayer. Prayer is at the very center of Orthodox life. Various spiritual works that have helped shape the Orthodox tradition, as well as the role of monasticism, are discussed.