‘Testament’ establishes Pushkin as a giant of Russian literature. What did Pushkin actually write? What works is he best known for? What was the relationship of Russian writers to European literature — and particularly English-language literature — of the time? What has been the influence of Russian literature on European writing? The importance of plot in Pushkin's narratives, and of the use of language throughout his work, is examined. Pushkin's sensitivity to the connotations and sound effects of words is highlighted, and the difficulties of translation are explained. The poem commonly known as ‘Monument’ is featured in both English and Russian, its literary influences discussed, and its importance assessed.