Evidence of photographs being tampered with, mocked up, or rearranged to mislead has frequently been reported, for example the airbrushing out of Trotsky and other revolutionaries from photographic documentation of the 1917 revolution. ‘The apparatus and its image’ looks at the deliberate manipulation of photographs, meanings in photographs, and the photograph as a ‘picture’. Not just an issue for political images, there is a lot of room for doubt when looking at more common-place photographs. Does the image depict what the caption claims it represents? How do we know for sure it was taken at the time and place claimed? What can we infer about the relationship between the people in the photograph?