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p. 262. History and power, from below and abovelocked

  • Robert J. C. Young


‘History and power, from below and above’ explores how Marcus Garvey, founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, was an example of what Salman Rushdie characterizes as the state of being a ‘translated man’, that is, someone who is ‘translated’ across cultures. Garvey's call for the restitution of the dignity of the black man was a call to self-translation. Translation is a way of thinking about how languages, people, and cultures are transformed as they move between different places. It can also be used more metaphorically, as a way of describing how the individual or the group can be transformed by changing their sense of their own place in society.

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