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p. 242. The concept of schizophrenialocked

  • Christopher Frith
  •  and Eve Johnstone


Detailed classification and description of mental disorders did not begin in Europe until the late eighteenth century. Psychiatry became a subject for academic study in German universities in the nineteenth century. Kraepelin created the concept of schizophrenia, which he saw in terms of neuropathology. Bleuler, however, saw schizophrenia as a psychological disorder. His ideas became influential in the USA, but Kraepelin's dominated diagnostic habits in Europe. By the 1970s, the need for standardized methods of reaching a diagnosis was recognized. Operational definitions were developed that provided a set of clearly defined criteria but standardized diagnostic procedures do not eliminate the need for skilled and experienced clinicians to conduct psychiatric interviews.

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