Show Summary Details

p. 242. The concept of schizophrenialocked

  • Christopher Frith
  •  and Eve Johnstone

Abstract

Detailed classification and description of mental disorders did not begin in Europe until the late eighteenth century. Psychiatry became a subject for academic study in German universities in the nineteenth century. Kraepelin created the concept of schizophrenia, which he saw in terms of neuropathology. Bleuler, however, saw schizophrenia as a psychological disorder. His ideas became influential in the USA, but Kraepelin's dominated diagnostic habits in Europe. By the 1970s, the need for standardized methods of reaching a diagnosis was recognized. Operational definitions were developed that provided a set of clearly defined criteria but standardized diagnostic procedures do not eliminate the need for skilled and experienced clinicians to conduct psychiatric interviews.

Access to the complete content on Very Short Introductions online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.