Shifting perceptions of Africa, as well as scholarly debates about the meaning of those perceptions, are about the people. ‘Africans: diversity and unity’ considers the meaning of the term ‘Africans’ and asks: who are these Africans? How have they constructed their own ideas about identity and belonging? Archaeological findings indicate that the history of mankind in Africa is older than that in any other continent. Africans are diverse in terms of physical appearance, languages, dialects, and cultures. There are in the region of 1,500 different languages and dialects spoken in Africa. How do we define an African identity? In Africa today, tensions between unity and diversity remain strong.