We frequently identify citizenship with rights. What are these rights? They can differ between countries and even within a country. When people invoke rights as the basis of citizenship, they often mean that citizens ought to have positive, or institutional, rights that follow from perceived moral or human rights. However, the global perspective throws up a number of issues. If rights are universal, then a conflict occurs between being a citizen of a particular community and upholding universal rights. Global citizenship tries to offer a solution to this. The exercise of political citizenship is best exercised at the state level, but states should maintain an obligation to allow access for non-citizens to membership on non-discriminatory terms.