Many of the major philosophers of late 16th- and 17th-century Europe had their intellectual origins in the stylish and imaginative use of language characteristic of the early Renaissance humanists. Hobbes was no exception. ‘Hobbes's life’ charts Hobbes's life, which was an astonishing and often tumultuous one, and the broad intellectual contexts in which he operated at different phases of his life. Hobbes lived at a time when the culture of modern humanism was at its height, and it remained important to him. However, he distanced hixmself from many of its specific elements. In one sense, his life's work, at least in political theory, can be read as a transformation of this culture from within.