‘Ethics: seeing the world aright’ examines freedom and determinism in Schopenhauer. Schopenhauer believes that actions are caused by a combination of one's unchanging character and a motive occurring in one's consciousness. This is the basis of his claim that all actions are determined, and that, in one important sense, there is no freedom of the will. He argues that the truth of determinism does not make us any less inclined to feel responsible for our actions. It does not take away the ‘certain feeling’ that we are accountable for our actions, that they are in some sense ‘up to us’.