It has often been stated that the images of Christian art acted as a replacement for words for the illiterate. The view that images were helpful to those whose levels of literacy were not high enough to read the Latin scriptures without help became a widespread justification for the decoration of church buildings with images. ‘Images and narrative’ analyses this notion and considers Christian art as narrative imagery in printed form and in mural paintings on the walls of churches. The relationship between text and image, and between different images, is complex. This suggests that images were not always acting as alternatives to the written word. They were created with a more diverse audience in mind.