What happened to the women of the Renaissance? The situation of women and the visual arts is not straightforward. It is true that women in the labouring classes probably did not benefit much during the Renaissance. At the artisan, craftsman, and merchant level the situation is less clear. At the elite level, some women patrons did succeed in making their presence felt. ‘Did women have a Renaissance?’ analyses the ways in which the lives of women changed during this period and explores the rubric of ‘women and the visual arts’ in terms of women as subjects of art, patrons, and artists.