The ‘Conclusion’ explains that the kind of positive atheism argued for in this book is sometimes called humanism. Broadly, humanists are simply atheists who believe in living purposeful and moral lives. Many atheists throughout history have compared their belief with a form of growing up. Atheism is the throwing off of childish illusions and real life is about accepting ups and downs, the good and the bad, the possibility of failure as well as the ambition to succeed. Atheism speaks to the truth about our human nature because it recognizes all this and does not seek to shield us from the truth by myth and superstition.