Early on in modernist art and literature, the emphasis was on the subjective experience and the role of imagery, symbolism, dreams, and the unconsciousness leading to an epiphanic experience. The modernist use of ‘stream of consciousness’, with its reliance on image-association is basic to all the arts of the period. ‘The modernist artist’ looks at who the modernist artists were and what they saw their creative output achieving. What was the role of sexuality in the modernist art movements? For example, the surrealists were almost neurotic in their depictions of sexuality. A large part of their activity concentrated on provoking anti-bourgeois sexual liberation. The hope was that changes in human consciousness could lead to changes in society.