Mythology has influenced Western art in many ways. Artists have used mythology to serve as alibis for Western art's enjoyment of sexual violation against women. Western art in turn has perpetuated the idea that ancient Greece and Rome were pornotopias. ‘The sexual politics of myth’ asks whether rape was glorified in ancient representations of the myths. The amount of rape in classical myth is vast, and modern retellings tend either to omit or romanticize it. How did the classical myths view same-sex sexuality? Classical myths sometimes contest (and also sometimes affirm) the norms of gender and sexuality, and they allow for the reclamation of characters as gay and lesbian icons by groups later in history.