For the past one hundred years, the word ‘libertarian’ has been used as a synonym for ‘anarchist’. More recently the word has been used by a number of free-market philosophers, such as David Friedman, Robert Nozick, Murray Rothbard, and Robert Paul Wolff. ‘The individualist response’ examines the modern individualist ‘libertarian’ response from the standpoint of an anarchist tradition. What does it mean to be a ‘libertarian’ or an ‘individualist’? The American ‘libertarians’ of the last century are academics rather than social activists, so the distinction between anarchist and ‘libertarian’ is an important one to highlight.