‘Second-wave feminism: the late 20th century’ covers women's activism after the Second World War in several countries. The importance of the writings of women theorists, campaigners and authors such as Simone de Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, bell hooks, Gloria Steinem, Kate Millet, Germaine Greer, Shulamith Firestone, Susie Orbach, Susan Brownmiller, and Naomi Wolf, amongst others, are highlighted. The emerging lesbian rights movement is surveyed and the particular difficulties and issues they face discussed. How can feminism meet the challenges posed by an overtly body-conscious 21st-century society? How can feminism combat continuing male violence, and the pervasiveness of pornography?