Few people now admit to racist feelings. But even those that might have problems agreeing on how many races there are and how they are to be differentiated from each other. If this difficulty is real, why do so many in the social sciences, media, and political realms claim that racism is still prevalent in the contemporary world? ‘New racisms?’ looks at this interesting paradox where racial discrimination is regarded as widespread but race has no scientific basis. There has been considerable debate since the 1980s about the changing relationship between earlier, overt racism and the emergence of a more covert racism which focuses on questions of culture, religion, and ethnicity.