7. Settlers in England
- Julian D. Richards
The scale of Scandinavian settlement is much debated, but its positive impact is widely acknowledged. Archaeologists have emphasized Scandinavian contributions to urbanism, the development of industry, and changes in rural settlement patterns. ‘Settlers in England’ examines the influence of Scandinavian settlement on English culture and history. Academics are split between those that see the history of England as one of a number of waves of invaders, and those who emphasize internal evolution and change. Archaeologically, Scandinavian settlements have been hard to detect. In England, there is evidence for a complex sequence of assimilation between different cultures, languages, and religions which lasted for 200 years or more.