‘Competing visions for the Church of England’ examines the conflicting views of the Puritans and those who favoured uniformity under the monarch in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The two groups disagreed over ‘indifferent matters’ like vestments, as well as church government and discipline. The Puritans were tolerated, though ignored under James I, but rebelled against Archbishop Laud's attempts to impose Arminian uniformity. During the Civil War, attempts to reform along Puritan lines also failed. The Restoration settlement attempted to impose uniformity, but some degree of tolerance could not be denied, and this was granted in the 1689 Act of Toleration. The national church became the established church.