‘Whose god is mightier?’ studies the effects of religion on nationhood. Religion is simultaneously integral and at odds with nation building. Monotheism's worship of one singular god (and the exclusion of others) represented a development in the existence of nations. The veneration of the tombs of national saints also provides a nationally unifying link to the divine. Monotheism has been adapted to consolidate nations, but this has also caused tensions from within and without. Paganism is not explicitly expressed in Western civilization, but its sanctification of nature still remains. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all set this world apart from the other world, but in differing ways.