‘The Bible and its Critics’ does not look at the interpretation of one single passage but instead examines the development of biblical criticism. Such criticism stems from different judgements and interpretations of the text. Such differences have existed in Christian communities for a long time, but increasingly these critics have come from outside the church. The Enlightenment and the rise of historical criticism heralded a serious challenge to authorized or traditional interpretations of the text. The succeeding centuries only saw even more conflicting views on the nature of the biblical text.