The October revolution was followed by deep economic collapse. To mobilize the battered forces of industry and agriculture to meet the needs of war, the Bolsheviks set in place the policies that were later termed ‘War Communism’. ‘War Communism’ examines how far the Bolsheviks were able to impose state regulation on the economy along socialist lines and their achievements and failures. From the beginning, they were beset with problems in terms of industrial productivity and supply. The most critical problem was that of food supply. This led to the breakdown of urban life which caused civil war. The civil war saw the hardening conviction that the state was the modality through which socialism would be built.