‘Incorporation’ deals with the recognition by the law of previously subversive ideas and movements, as well as the discontent of those outside the law. In 1850, trade unions were ‘incorporated’, allowing them to defend the respectability of the leading members of the working class. Classical economics and utilitarianism were also reconciled with gradual reform and met with a greater degree of sympathy. Women and the native Irish were still not recognised as part of the political nation. While novelists like Dickens satirized industrialism, traditional balladry and folk tradition persisted amongst workers as a way to express grievance and resentment.