‘”Villa Tories”: The Conservative Resurgence’ examines the impact on politics of the re-emergence of the Conservative Party as an electoral force. The Reform Act of 1867 made it possible for the Tories to be elected again, and they were in 1874. New methods of party organization were introduced by both parties, and the national press made a national debate possible. The new Tory government implemented social reforms to prove that they could deal with urban questions and to consolidate urban middle-class support. Liberal division, mishandling of imperial questions and bungling of franchise redistribution left them reliant on MPs from Ireland, Scotland and Wales, shifting their priorities.