‘The Fin-de-Siècle Reaction: New Views of the State’ looks at the reconsideration of Britain's purpose and place in the world that came in the aftermath of the Boer War. Britain concluded ententes with other major powers to limit imperial responsibilities and reduce competition with other world powers, but increased European tensions. The propertied classes desired a reappraisal of the economic, social and even political arrangements of the nation. Demands for ‘national efficiency’ called for the government to aid in the creation of an economy and a people fit to deliver progress. Whilst the romantic Pre-Raphaelites critiqued industrial society, the Labour movement began to establish itself.