- Christopher Harvie
- and H. C. G. Matthew
‘Politics and Diplomacy: Palmerston's Years’ looks at the make-up of politics and the concerns of politicians in the mid-nineteenth century. The Whigs held office for most of the thirty-year period after 1846. Party management through the Reform and Carlton clubs was used to control the expenses and select candidates, favouring the landed interest. Britain was able to withdraw from European commitments, and maintain security through the balance of power, Viscount Palmerston holding the reins at the Foreign Office for much of this period. The 1848 Revolutions on the Continent coincided with a final Chartist petition, but British radicalism gained little traction and revolution was not exported from Europe.