‘The Early Stuarts’ argues that Civil War seemed a remote prospect under James I. He was a visionary monarch whose ambitions as a Christian king failed and whose personal affairs caused some scandal at court, but he could deal with parliament. Charles I was a more distant and unaccountable monarch than his father. He ruled without parliament until widespread opposition to his religious policies led to war with Scotland, which required the calling of parliament to fund it. The radicalized Puritan parliament distrusted the king and sought to limit his powers. Eventually, the king declared war on parliament, and was supported by religious moderates suspicious of the radical parliament.