‘Restoration monarchy’ traces parliament's attempts to limit the power of the restored monarchy. James II's absolutist tendencies led to his deposition and a new, more enduring settlement was achieved by 1688. Charles II was an unambitious monarch who achieved a broad political settlement but only a narrow religious one. James II's pursuit of pro-Catholic policies and attempt to build a Catholic party led to parliament inviting William of Orange to England. James' flight and subsequent joining with Louis XIV led to the creation of a shared interest between king and parliament, enabling the necessary reforms to be passed to allow king and parliament to govern together.