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p. 11. The Norman Kingslocked

  • John Gillingham
  •  and Ralph A. Griffiths


Duke William of Normandy was crowned king of England on Christmas Day in 1066. His position wasn't secure. There were risings against Norman rule during every year from 1067 to 1070. ‘The Norman Kings’ looks at Norman rule in Britain after the Norman conquest. The Normans brought with them French language and French culture. By the fourteenth century, the well-educated Englishman would be able to speak English, his mother tongue, some Latin, and French. French was the practical language of law and estate management, as well as the language of song and verse. The Norman Conquest ushered in a period where England was in political terms a French colony, and after the thirteenth century also a cultural colony.

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