In the eleventh century, England was predominantly an agrarian economy. Over 90 per cent of the people lived in the country. ‘The Economy in the Early Middle Ages’ looks at the economic situation of Britain during the eleventh century and beyond. What happened to the English economy during the 200 years after 1086? Fundamentally, there was little change. England was no more urbanized in 1286 than it had been in 1086. The period saw no agricultural revolution. However, the period was one of huge population growth. There were economic consequences of this increase in population, including the physical expansion of settlement and cultivation.