The late Middle Ages, from around 1290, was both a turbulent and decadent period. England's civil and foreign wars lasted for many years and cost vast amounts of money and lives. ‘England at War, 1290–1390’ examines the battles that were fought and describes the effects of war during this time. England's war aims were neither constant nor consistently pursued. Especially in the fourteenth century, England's war diplomacy was primarily dictated by a series of immediate problems rather than long-term goals. How was war financed? How did war affect the balance between the kings and their subjects?