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date: 29 June 2022

p. 9714. Aristotle’s World-Picturelocked

p. 9714. Aristotle’s World-Picturelocked

  • Jonathan Barnes

Abstract

According to ‘Aristotle’s World-Picture’, Aristotle was a remarkable scientist and a profound philosopher, but it was as a philosopher-scientist that he excelled. The elements of the sublunary world are four: earth, air, fire, and water. Our earth is naturally at the centre of the universe. Beyond it lie the moon, the sun, the planets, and the fixed stars, attached to a series of concentric spheres. Aristotle argued that the physical universe is spatially finite but temporally infinite. The celestial spheres, and the bodies they carry, are quintessential and divine; but they are moving divinities. Beyond them, incorporeal and outside the universe, is the changeless source of change: the ‘unmoved mover’.

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