Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a German philosopher, almost wholly neglected during his sane life. ‘The Image of Nietzsche’ highlights the immense impact of his work after his death. Poor English translations of Nietzsche's writings resulted in a misrepresentation of his thinking. In 1950, Walter Kaufmann began retranslating his key works and unveiled a more traditional thinker than previously thought. Kaufmann sought to establish comprehensively his remoteness from the Nazis, from all irrationalist movements that had claimed him as their forebear, and from Romanticism in the arts. Nietzsche's work has proved so attractive to such diverse movements and schools of thought partly due to the witty and radical content of his aphorisms.