Modern researchers view the chronological context of finds very differently from Egyptologists of the past. Many modern Egyptologists now use explicitly anthropological approaches to the study of the formation of the state in early complex societies. For previous generations, the ‘culture history’ approach was the main paradigm in archaeology. ‘History: building chronologies and writing histories’ looks at how interpreting Egyptian history based on findings has changed over the years and how the meaning and relevance of ancient writings has been analysed during different periods. There are numerous ways in which Egyptologists have set about creating a chronological framework for ancient Egypt, using a complex mixture of archaeological data, texts, and scientific dating methods.