‘The high tide of progressivism, 1908–1917’ explores how progressivism grew in the years leading up to World War I. After the financial crisis of 1907 the public realised that reform was necessary. The biggest reform of Taft's presidency was the 16th Amendment, which would allow income tax. He also intended to lower tariff rates, but opponents actually managed to raise them. People therefore viewed Taft as a traitor to Roosevelt2019s ideals, and voted in Woodrow Wilson in 1912. Wilson introduced income taxes, stiffened anti–trust laws, and also instigated banking reform through the creation of regional reserve banks. His progressive record saw him re–elected in 1916.