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p. 1206. Ebb tide, 1919–1921locked

  • Walter Nugent


‘Ebb tide, 1919–1921’ explores what became of progressivism in the 1920s. The conditions in 1919 were worsened by economic downturns. The popular mood was one of disillusionment, due to war, disease and recession. When the Republicans won the 1920 elections, the chances of reform fell greatly — only woman suffrage was passed in this time. The spirit of reform turned into one of conformity, and big business began to be glorified again. Race relations soured, leading to the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan. Despite the national fall in enthusiasm for progressivism, in urban centres the progressive spirit remained.

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