‘Countervailing Power’ investigates the Roosevelt administration's changing relationship with industry and the American people. This period saw a rise in government intervention and regulation of industry, as well as efforts to redistribute wealth, particularly in the American South and West. Social reforms also aimed to improve economic security, and empower unions under the National Labour Relations Act. The result of this varied body of legislation was to make the government more directly involved in an industrial capacity, particularly in public works, and more responsible for its citizens. Although elements of these reforms remained regressive or limited, many believe them to be the basis of the American welfare state.