- Richard M. Valelly
‘The legislative-executive process’ looks at the issue of immobility in the American legislative-executive process. Policy gridlock could result if there were, for example, a Republican in the White House and Democrats running the Senate and the House. However, in the post-World War II period, American presidents have gotten legislation that they strongly wanted about 61 percent of the time. The parties have invented new vehicles for making policy, such as the “omnibus” bill — a package containing an uncontroversial and desired core provision — and “budget reconciliation,” whereby a bill is “fast-tracked” through the Senate, proceeding on a simple majority vote and under expedited debate.