‘Bureaucracy’ argues that having competent bureaucracy strengthens the Constitution. National bureaucracies have been essential for American commerce: the Census Bureau's data troves aid commercial marketing; the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency did the pioneering work that led to the Internet. Bureaucracy helps to establish the dualism that defines American politics — the meshing of constitutional and extra-constitutional institutions and processes. Bureaucracies must be given clear instructions according to American constitutional law. They cannot wholly supplant the basic executive and legislative functions described in those constitutional articles. But within the rather loose boundaries of the so-called non-delegation doctrine, the delegation efficiency of bureaucracies facilitates a vital partnership.