‘The Early Dynastic period, 2900–2334 bce’ shows how the birth of the long-lasting tradition of hereditary kingship came from Mesopotamia and examines what we have learnt about this period from written and archaeological evidence. Kingship seemed obvious to the Mesopotamians to the extent that they believed it had been invented by the gods. The gods wanted people to be ruled by kings. Scholars are unsure of exactly how hereditary kingship developed. We know that it was believed that every human alive, including the king, was a servant of the gods and these gods could choose to treat him or her however they wanted.