‘The Akkadian Empire, 2334–2193 bce’ describes how in the mid-twenty-fourth century bce the leader Sargon was able to conquer many of the little city states of Mesopotamia to create a new type of state. Sargon's campaigns were brutal and he was tenacious in his determination to hold on to his empire. He demoted local leaders and placed Akkadian-speaking officials in charge. We know about these events because the Mesopotamians had a fascination with the past and a sophisticated understanding of the value of copying ancient documents for future preservation. Not many contemporary documents survive, however. We do not know much about Sargon himself.