‘The Neo-Assyrian Empire, 972–612 bce’ outlines the events of the 150 years following on from the end of the tenth century bce. After the Late Bronze Age ended, small kingdoms came and went in Syria and Mesopotamia. During this time, Assyria, which occupied a small area around Assur, embarked on campaigns to recapture lands that they remembered previously as their own. In the ninth century, King Assurnasirpal II and his successors built an empire that was at least four times larger than any that had come before. Their methods of rule were brutal. At its height, the empire extended all over Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, along with most of Egypt, parts of Iran, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, and Turkey.