‘France stirs up the melting pot’ investigates the effects of immigration on France. Revolutionaries believed ethnic pluralism would endanger unity, and to this day immigrants are expected to assimilate into French culture. Depopulation in the nineteenth century led to migration into France. Immigration policy was depended on the perceived ‘suitability’ of different nationalities to assimilation. After World War II French decolonization led to a new wave of immigrants. Combined with an economic downturn and a housing crisis, this caused a resurgence in far right politics. Since the 1980s immigration discussions have centred on Islamic fundamentalism, and the development of a ‘French’ brand of Islam.