‘The development of anatomy’ provides a short history of anatomical study beginning with Aristotle (384–322 bc) who named the subject anatome, meaning ‘cutting up’. Herophilus of Chalcedon (c.300 bc), ‘The Father of Anatomy’, was the first to dissect human bodies in public and recognized the brain as the central organ of the nervous system. Galen (c.ad 150–200) elaborated a system of pathology based on the ideas of Hippocrates. His work was the standard text until the 16th century when Andreas Vesalius (1514–64), produced his masterpiece, On the Fabric of the Human Body. William Harvey (1578–1657) and Marcello Malpighi (1628–94) described the anatomy of the heart and blood vessels in further detail.