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p. 244. The entrance of statistics and mathematical modelslocked

  • Sarah Harper

Abstract

By the 19th century the study of demography had developed from John Graunt’s primitive life table to the complex statistical laws and theories of Benjamin Gompertz and William Makeham. ‘The entrance of statistics and mathematical models’ describes the Gompertz–Makeham law of mortality, the first parametric model of human mortality that is still valid today, and the formation of the International Union for the Scientific Investigation of Population Problems in 1927. It also outlines the contributions of William Farr, Francis Galton, Karl Pearson, Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher, Leonard Henry Tippett, Ansley Johnson Coale, William Brass, and John ‘Jack’ Caldwell to the development of demography and demographic methods and analysis from the 19th century to the 21st century.

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