Privacy is under attack from several quarters. The ‘war on terror’ has amplified this pressure. The Internet, increased surveillance, and sensationalist journalism seriously undermine individuals’ control over their private lives. Many advocates believe that the protection of privacy stands in need of urgent renewal. Has the Internet sounded privacy’s death knell? The rapid advance of information technology, especially the Internet, has generated widespread concern about protection of personal data, with many jurisdictions adopting data protection legislation. Ironically, technology generates both the malady and part of the cure. While the law is rarely an effective tool against the dedicated intruder, advances in protective software, along with fair information practices of the European Directive and laws of several jurisdictions, afford a rational and sound normative framework for the collection, use, and transfer of personal data. Some of these questions—likely to dominate 21st-century discussions of privacy—are considered in this concluding chapter.