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p. 633. The evolving scholarship of futures studieslocked

  • Jennifer M. Gidley


Many futurists over the years came to the realization that attempting to predict the future, based on scientific positivism, was not the most productive way to approach futures studies in our complex world. ‘The evolving scholarship of futures studies’ describes four different futures approaches that have followed on from the positivist predictive-empirical future: critical futures, cultural futures, participatory futures, and integral futures. Over the last five decades futures scholars have developed new language, concepts, and methods to articulate the breadth and depth of the futures studies field and have made important contributions to advancing our ideas about the complex relationship between time consciousness and futures.

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