The extraordinary diversity of development experiences reveals the many different available pathways that countries have chosen in order to develop. Each requires a determination to succeed and the sacrifice of short-term benefits for longer-term and societal goals. It is hard to accelerate development and the gains can be easily reversed. ‘What can be done to accelerate development?’ looks at key areas that can affect and improve development prospects. These include literacy and education; health; reducing gender inequality; agriculture and improved food nutrition; investment in infrastructure; legal frameworks and equity; global trade; and peace and stability.