‘Bodies matter: dilemmas and controversies’ considers three key questions—are mediated bodies immoral? How do people manage bodily change? Have our bodies become sacred? They each show how body matters reach beyond the boundaries of enfleshed persons. Embodied individuals are always situated within a wider social and material environment that they shape and are shaped by. The manner in which bodies are conceptualized, experienced, lived, and treated provides us with far more than a limited and localized topic, of interest only to physiologists and others in the biological sciences. Instead, these issues provide key means of approaching social relationships, cultural ideas, technological developments, and historical change.