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date: 28 June 2022

p. 172. The old order and the newlocked

p. 172. The old order and the newlocked

  • Rana Mitter


The Chinese past is often viewed as a corrupt, ‘feudal’ chaos held back by Confucian thought. However, the imperial Chinese state was also driven by a system of mutual obligation that resulted in a dynamic political and social culture. ‘The old order and the new’ considers how China has changed from the first Chinese encounter with the outside world up until the first stage of modern mass politics. Western political thought had an impact on China after the Opium Wars in the 19th century. Japanese culture also exerted an influence. The early 20th century was a time of great upheaval for China, fostering many political debates on topics such as nationalism, socialism, and feminism.

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